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Heart Attack- Symptom, Causes, Treatment of Heart Attack


Heart Attack is the eternal injury to an area of heart musde due to emergent blockage of one or moreover of the coronary arteries. The blockage that cuts off the blood supply to the muscle, may be referable to an embolus (foreign matte rin the blood stream) or thrombosis (the formation of clots) in a coronary vessel dilapidated by atheroma (fatty deposits in the lining). The medical appellation for heart attack is myocardial infarction.

Symptom of Heart Attack

The most frequent symptom of heart attack is severe, narrowing chest pain which may extend to the left arm. The onset of pain is normally emergent, but occasionally may produce tardily over an
hour or so. Pain may also be experience in the neck, right arm, upper abdomen or in the middle of the shoulder blades. Related symptoms may involve breathlessness, cold sweats, feelings of panic, nausea and vomiting, and occasionally loss of consciousness. Injury to the heart musde may be so intense that it reasons contiguous HEART FAILURE and occasionally precipitate death. An occasional heartbeat induced by Ventricular Fibrillation may occur.

Treatment of Heart Attack

A doctor and ambulance should be inveigh instantly if heart attack is suspected. In hospital the diagnosis is sustained by ectrocardiograph (ECG) and measurement of enzymes which are reased into the blood by the injured heart muscle. Quick treatment is by pain relief, drugs or DEFIBRILLATION to rectify heart failure or temporary heartbeat, drugs to provide dissolve any dot, anticoagulant drugs (to prevent further dots) in somecases, and drugs to decrease the work of the heart. Later on the patient may be treated by coronary ANGIOPLASTYor CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS to prevent advance heart attacks.

Outlook of Hear Attack

Virtually deaths from heart attack appear within the first few hours, normally as a result of ventricular fibrillation and heart failure. People who have had an attack are at accrued risk of having a consequent attack, but the risk can be extremely decreased by angioplasty or bypass; by longterm low-dose aspirin to decrease the risk of thrombosis; by control of high blood pressure and increased blood fats; and by adopting the healthy lifestyle suggested by the National Heart Foundation.

 

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